stem cell culture

FAQ About Feeder Cells for Stem Cells –Part One

The cost of preparing feeder cells for induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is mainly due to 1. serum and media, 2. labor for growing and treating cells, and 3. expenses for freezing media and vials. Ready-to-use feeder cells saves one important labor-intensive step of iPSC generation, it should be an important help for iPSC and stem cell researchers. We know that most of our colleagues are tired of preparing fresh early passages of MEFs and treating them with expensive mitomycin C or finding an irradiator to pre-treat the MEFs. A lot of iPSC researchers lost iPS stem cells due to the lack of patience in handling MEF feeders. The offering of Allele’s feeder cell product line is really an easy solution and convenience to iPSC researchers.

Question 1: There are companies offering drug-resistant feeder cells such as MEF cells expressing neo-, puro-, or hygromycin-resistance genes. Is it important to have such drug-resistance genes when choosing feeder cells?

Adding drug resistant markers to these cells should not be necessary because iPSCs grown on feeder cells are usually not cultured in antibiotics-containing medium. The feeder cells will not be selected by drug resistance nor will they contaminate iPS cells since they can not propagate after irradiation. However, for those who do need to use drug selection for any reason, we will provide drug-resistant feeder cells upon request.

Question 2: There are publications showing the use of cells lines as feeder cells instead of primary fibroblasts, e.g. SL10, MRC-5, STO. Are there any advantages of using these cell lines?

Not really. Handling primary cells requires certain amount of experience and may be tedious; using cell lines, on the other hand, would be easier for preparing feeder cells. We provide feeder cells from immortalized early passage human foreskin fibroblasts at prices often lower than those from cell lines.

Question 3: Should I choose fluorescent protein expressing feeder cells for easy separation from iPSCs?

You do not need to include fluorescent protein in feeder cells, as feeder cells are quite different in morphology from iPS cells or ES cells. In fact, many labs use iPS factors that are co-expressed with fluorescent markers, in which cases feeder cell expressed fluorescent proteins will confuse the readout.

Question 4: What are the main advantages of using bFGF-expressing feeder cells?

Our bFGF-feeder cells not only eliminate the needs for added recombinant bFGF to stem cell cultures, but also form very nice cell lawn to serve iPSC colony formation because of their strictly controlled passage and growth conditions. We have used these cells without coating dishes with gelatin and obtained nice iPSC colonies.

Preview: Next Part of FAQ on Feeder Cells: choosing mouse or human fibroblasts, selecting iPSC colonies…

Announcement: An audience-orientated User Forum will be added to Allele Biotech webpages so that people can freely discuss or review products and technologies. A distilled version of discussions will be presented in a related but separate FAQ section, which will also include all Allele eNewsletters sent to our contacts about every quarter. Look for the links on in coming weeks.

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Wednesday, October 7th, 2009 iPSCs and other stem cells No Comments